The Institute for Better Health
"THE ALL NATURAL CHOICE"
PROSTATE INFORMATION for PROSTATE PROBLEMS
and how to Prevent Prostate Cancer
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT YOUR PROSTATE and PROSTATE CANCER
Review our information on Prostate Problems and Prostate Cancer.
You will find answers for, Enlarged Prostate, Prostatitis,
BPH, Prostate Cancer and PSA.
What is the Prostate?
The prostate is a small, squishy gland about the size of a walnut that sits under the bladder
and in front of the rectum. The urethra, the narrow tube that runs the length of the penis and
that carries both urine and semen out of the body, runs directly through the prostate; the
rectum, or the lower end of the bowel, sits just behind the prostate and the bladder. Sitting
just above the prostate are the seminal vesicles, two little glands that secrete about 60% of
the substances that makes up semen; running alongside and attached to the sides of the prostate
are the nerves that control erectile function.
The prostate is one of the main organs of the male reproductive system. This
organ is vital for the male sex organs to develop normally. In adult men, the prostate acts
mainly to add important fluids to the semen that nourish perm and protect them against the
natural acids in the vagina. In many men, the prostate begins to grow when they are in their
50s, and it may continue to grow for the rest of their lives. An enlarged prostate is usually
for most men over age 50, which means that if your prostate has started to grow, it may continue
As the prostate grows, it puts pressure on the urethra—the tube that carries
urine and semen out of the body. This increasing pressure on the urethra can lead to bothersome
urinary symptoms and future problems such as surgery on your prostate. Although prostate cancer
can also cause the prostate to grow, An Enlarged Prostate is may not be a cancerous condition,
and it may not lead to cancer. An Enlarged Prostate is not life threatening, but you need to
have a check up once a year and keep an eye on tour PSA.
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The prostate can "CHOKE" the urethra causing:
1. Decrease force of the urinary stream having to "push" the urine out.
2. Feeling as if bladder is not emptying
3. Increased urinating during nighttime
4. Stopping and starting of urinary stream
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PSA (Prostate-specific antigen)
Is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. A PSA test measures
the level of PSA in the blood. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved
the use of the PSA test along with a digital rectal exam to help detect prostate
cancer in men age 50 and older. The FDA has also approved the PSA test to monitor
patients with a history of prostate cancer to see if the cancer has recurred. The higher a man’s
PSA level, the more likely it is that cancer is present, but there are many other possible
reasons for an elevated PSA level.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. The
PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood. It is normal for men to have low levels of
PSA in their blood; however, prostate cancer or benign conditions can increase PSA levels.
As men age, both benign prostate conditions and prostate cancer become more frequent. The most
common benign prostate conditions are prostatitis, inflammation of the prostate and
benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH enlargement of the prostate. PSA levels alone do not give
doctors enough information to distinguish between benign prostate conditions and cancer. However,
the doctor will take the result of the PSA test into account when deciding whether to check
further for signs of prostate cancer.
The higher a man’s PSA level, the more likely it is that cancer is present. But because various
factors can cause PSA levels to fluctuate, one abnormal PSA test does not necessarily indicate
a need for other diagnostic tests. When PSA levels continue to rise over time, other tests may
Most doctors considered PSA values below 4.0 ng/ml as normal.
1. 0 to 2.5 ng/ml is low, good.
2. 2.6 to 4.0 ng/ml is slightly elevated
3. 4.0 to 19.9 ng/ml is moderately elevated
4. 20 ng/ml or more is significantly elevated
A man should discuss elevated PSA test results with his doctor. There are many possible reasons
for an elevated PSA level, including prostate cancer, benign prostate enlargement, inflammation,
infection and age.
Prostatitis and Symptoms
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland.
Painful urination, Urgencies, Sensation of having to urinate immediately.
Blood in semen, Discomfort in genital area, Lower back pain,
Painful ejaculation, Recurring urinary tract infection.
Urinary retention and Infection in bloodstream.
Is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the
male reproductive system. Cancer occurs when cells of the prostate mutate and
begin to multiply out of control. These cells may spread from the prostate to other parts of the
body, especially the bones and lymph nodes. Prostate cancer may cause pain, difficulty
in urinating, erectile dysfunction and other symptoms.
Prostate cancer develops most frequently in men over fifty. It is
the most common type of cancer in men in the United States. It is responsible for more male deaths
than any other cancer, except lung cancer. However, many men who develop prostate cancer
never have symptoms, undergo no therapy, and eventually die of other causes. Many factors,
including genetics and diet, have been implicated in the development of prostate
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Prostate and Prostate Cancer Links